|Area:||9,251 sq km|
|Coastline:||648 sq km|
Greek Páfos, town, south-western Republic of Cyprus. Paphos was also the name of two ancient cities that were the precursors of the modern town. The older ancient city (Greek: Palaipaphos) was located at modern Pírgos (Kouklia). New Paphos, which had superseded Old Paphos by Roman times, was 10 miles (16 km) farther west. New Paphos and Ktima together form modern Paphos.
Paphos has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Myceneans in the 12th century B.C. The remains of villas, palaces, theatres, fortresses and tombs mean that the site is of exceptional architectural and historic value.The amazing mosaic floors are considered among the finest in the Eastern Mediterranean. They mostly depict scenes from Greek mythology and are beautifully completed.
The town of Paphos is included in the official UNESCO list of cultural and natural treasures of the world's heritage. From the modern town centre to the picturesque harbour and, stretching across the coastline, lie innumerable ancient sites which not surprisingly have now been included in UNESCO's list of World Cultural Heritage sites. After all, this is the birthplace and centre of worship of Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love and Beauty and the whole area retains some of this magic. The Odeon theatre is also in this region, a stone structure still used as it was in ancient times for outdoor concerts, games, and plays. Small wonder then that the whole town of Paphos is included in the official UNESCO list of cultural and natural treasures of world heritage.
Archaeological discoveries in the Paphos region are continual, making it a highlight for those tracing civilization’s roots in Cyprus. For a glimpse of the artifacts and masterworks found in the area, visit the District Archeological Museum.
North of Pafos is the little town of Polis. It overlooks the beautiful Chrysochou Bay, with its charming fishing village of Latsi where the seaside tavernas serve delicious fresh fish dishes. Nearby you can find the well known Baths of Aphrodite, with their breathtaking view over the bay.
Shopping in Cyprus is a delight, whether you want that memorable rustic souvenir, or take advantage of certain local bargains such as contact lenses, frames and other optical items. There are many stylish clothes shops selling the latest fashions. Bordered by a lovely coastline, the Paphos area has charming villages in its mountains, here life has gone unchanged over the years, where the customs and traditions of the country have been kept alive because that is how it has always been. And in the heartland, are famous monasteries such as Ayios Neophytos and Chrysoroyiatissa with modern day pilgrims.